Lima is the capital of the Republic of Peru and the homonymous province, located on the central coast of the country, on the shores of the Pacific Ocean, forming an extensive and populous urban area known as Lima Metropolitan, flanked […]
Lima is the capital of the Republic of Peru and the homonymous province, located on the central coast of the country, on the shores of the Pacific Ocean, forming an extensive and populous urban area known as Lima Metropolitan, flanked by the coastal desert and extended over the valleys of the Chillón, Rímac and Lurín rivers.
The historic center of Lima, which includes part of the districts of Lima and Rimac, was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1988 due to the importance that the city had during the Viceroyalty of Peru, leaving as witness a large amount of architectural legacies. The Basilica and Convent of San Francisco, the Plaza Mayor, the Cathedral of Lima, the Basilica and Convent of Santo Domingo, the Palace of Torre Tagle, among others. The tour of the churches of the city is very popular among tourists. In a short tour through the center of the city we can find many, several of which date from the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.
Flora and fauna
Amancay, typical flower of the lomas of Lima.
The flora of the capital is made up of a great variety of herbs, plants, shrubs and trees that grow on the hills and on the riparian mountains. The amancay is the typical flower of the city, is endemic to the coastal hills of Peru and only appears in the cold and cloudy season.Other species that are part of the flora of Lima are the begonia, the nettle, the ficus, the ponciana , the elephant ear, the olive tree and the geranium. As for the fauna, in the city you can find more than one hundred different species of birds. The most common are the domestic pigeon or dove of Castilla, the cuculí, the goldfinches and the sparrows.
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